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Turkey: İstanbul mosques mark Ramadan with celestial script
Istanbul, Today's Zaman & Reuters:
Mahyas, messages spelled out by lights strung between minarets, illuminate Turkeys streets during the holy month of Ramadan and enchant both locals and foreign visitors.
The word mahya comes from mahiyya (mah from Persian, meaning moon, and -iyya, an Arabic suffix used to turn nouns into adjectives; the word became mahya in the 20th century). It is a form of writing made by strings of lights suspended from a thick rope between two minarets during the holy month of Ramadan.
The phrases are usually selected from the sayings of the Prophet Muhammad, but in recent years, other phrases have attracted attention with their originality and the messages they convey. For instance, the mahya strung for the last two years between the minarets of the Süleymaniye Mosque, O fast, take hold of us, is very striking. It reflects fasters desire to abstain from all evil deeds and bad language during the holy month.
Among other popular messages on display between minarets are Welcome to the month of Ramadan, Follow Gods order, The sultan of the 11 months, Observe the fast, be healthy and Farewell.
Keeper of a timeless tradition
Laden with hundreds of light bulbs, a breathless Kahraman Yıldız emerges at the top of one of the Süleymaniye mosques minarets, ready to string up a Ramadan message and illuminate the İstanbul night.
Yıldız is one of the few remaining masters of mahya, a tradition unique to Turkey and for which İstanbuls Ottoman-era imperial mosques with their soaring minarets are ideally suited.
Suspended between the minarets, dangling lights spell out devotional messages in huge letters, visible from afar and intended to reward and inspire the faithful who have spent the daylight hours fasting.
You need electrical skills, aesthetic skills, patience and a head for heights, says Yıldız, 54, who unfurls long cables of light bulbs which he suspends from a guide rope stretching to a matching minaret.
He then leans out from a narrow balcony atop the 76-meter-tall minaret and with a pulley rope draws out the strings of lights, which will switch on at sunset as the evening call to prayer sounds, signaling the time to break the fast. Ramadan is bountiful, reads his handiwork.
This year a new book has been published as part of İstanbuls role as 2010 European Capital of Culture recording the 400-year history of mahya and how the tradition has adapted to such changes as the coming of electricity and Turkeys abandonment of the Arabic script in favor of the Latin alphabet.
While Yıldızs working conditions are hard -- he must mount the minarets 250 narrow, dark steps every week of Ramadan to change the message and deal with dizzying heights -- his counterparts of previous centuries had it harder. They would have to light and suspend hundreds of oil lamps and wicks and carefully plot out a message in Arabics curving script.
Today just a handful of İstanbuls mosques use mahya, but they are the citys grandest, and the phrases, set by Turkeys Directorate of Religious Affairs, can be read from afar. Yıldız has hung mahya for 40 years with his team of assistants, even putting up the messages at the Blue Mosque.
Fast, find good health, reads another of this years mahya, seemingly printed onto the night sky. Mahya are said to have their origins in the reign of Sultan Ahmed I (1603-1617), who was so pleased by a mahya a muezzin had created as a surprise for him that he ordered it be copied elsewhere.
After the fall of the Ottoman Empire and creation of the Turkish Republic in 1923, the powerful visual impact of the mahya was commandeered to issue patriotic messages such as Save Money or Buy Turkish products.
Today the phrases are again religious in nature and Yıldız derives a sense of satisfaction from their impact. It is a wonderful feeling to see the mahya Ive hung in the city and how people look up to stare at them.
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